Social stress key to population’s rate of COVID-19 an infection, study finds

Journal Reference: Innokentiy A. Kastalskiy, Evgeniya V. Pankratova, Evgeny M. Mirkes, Victor B. Kazantsev, Alexander N. Gorban. Social stress drives the multi-wave dynamics of COVID-19 outbreaks. Scientific Reports, 2021; 11 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-01317-z An international team of researchers led by Professor Alexander Gorban from the University of Leicester used available data from 13 countries to … Read more

Jaws of defeat: Anglers’ emotions toward shark depredation is key to conservation

Journal Reference: Grace A. Casselberry, Ezra M. Markowitz, Kelly Alves, Joseph Dello Russo, Gregory B. Skomal, Andy J. Danylchuk. When fishing bites: Understanding angler responses to shark depredation. Fisheries Research, 2022; 246: 106174 DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2021.106174 Imagine hooking the big one, a trophy fish, only to have it eaten by another marine creature before you can … Read more

Recycling of tectonic plates a key driver of Earth’s oxygen budget

Journal Reference: Yuxiang Zhang, Esteban Gazel, Glenn A. Gaetani, Frieder Klein. Serpentinite-derived slab fluids control the oxidation state of the subarc mantle. Science Advances, 2021; 7 (48) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abj2515 “This cycle is a really a big deal,” said Esteban Gazel, associate professor of earth and atmospheric sciences in Cornell’s College of Engineering, and co-lead author … Read more

Bacteria may be key to sustainably extracting earth elements for tech

Journal Reference: Alexa M. Schmitz, Brooke Pian, Sean Medin, Matthew C. Reid, Mingming Wu, Esteban Gazel, Buz Barstow. Generation of a Gluconobacter oxydans knockout collection for improved extraction of rare earth elements. Nature Communications, 2021; 12 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-27047-4 A new study describes a proof of principle for engineering a bacterium, Gluconobacter oxydans, that takes … Read more

Scientists key in on brain’s mechanism for singing, learning

Journal Reference: Benjamin M. Zemel, Alexander A. Nevue, Andre Dagostin, Peter V. Lovell, Claudio V. Mello, Henrique von Gersdorff. Resurgent Na currents promote ultrafast spiking in projection neurons that drive fine motor control. Nature Communications, 2021; 12 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-26521-3 The study by scientists at Oregon Health & Science University published today in the journal … Read more

A key brain region responds to faces similarly in infants and adults

Journal Reference: Heather L. Kosakowski, Michael A. Cohen, Atsushi Takahashi, Boris Keil, Nancy Kanwisher, Rebecca Saxe. Selective responses to faces, scenes, and bodies in the ventral visual pathway of infants. Current Biology, 2021; DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.10.064 Neuroscientists have long hypothesized that it takes many years of visual experience for these areas to develop in children. However, … Read more

Forests could be key to estuarine fish conservation

Journal Reference: Lavergne Edouard, Kume Manabu, Ahn Hyojin, Henmi Yumi, Terashima Yuki, Ye Feng, Kameyama Satoshi, Kai Yoshiaki, Kadowaki Kohmei, Kobayashi Shiho, Yamashita Yoh, Kasai Akihide. Effects of forest cover on richness of threatened fish species in Japan. Conservation Biology, 2021; DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13849 Estuaries — areas where rivers meet the sea — are one of … Read more

Repurposing carbon dioxide may be key to net-zero emissions

Journal Reference: Denis Johnson, Zhi Qiao, Abdoulaye Djire. Progress and Challenges of Carbon Dioxide Reduction Reaction on Transition Metal Based Electrocatalysts. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 2021; 4 (9): 8661 DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.1c01624 A team of researchers in the Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering at Texas A&M University recently published a comprehensive review article on how … Read more

Radiocarbon is key to understanding Earth’s past

Journal Reference: T. J. Heaton, E. Bard, C. Bronk Ramsey, M. Butzin, P. Köhler, R. Muscheler, P. J. Reimer, L. Wacker. Radiocarbon: A key tracer for studying Earth’s dynamo, climate system, carbon cycle, and Sun. Science, 2021; 374 (6568) DOI: 10.1126/science.abd7096 In an article published today (November 5 2021) in the journal Science, scientists have … Read more

Nerves may be key to blocking abnormal bone growth in tissue

Journal Reference: Seungyong Lee, Charles Hwang, Simone Marini, Robert J. Tower, Qizhi Qin, Stefano Negri, Chase A. Pagani, Yuxiao Sun, David M. Stepien, Michael Sorkin, Carrie A. Kubiak, Noelle D. Visser, Carolyn A. Meyers, Yiyun Wang, Husain A. Rasheed, Jiajia Xu, Sarah Miller, Amanda K. Huber, Liliana Minichiello, Paul S. Cederna, Stephen W. P. Kemp, … Read more

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