Shoulder pain in golf: how to prevent it and what really helps

The shoulder is a fairly sensitive area consisting of the shoulder joint itself and the shoulder girdle, including the shoulder blade and clavicle. The shoulder also includes muscles, tendons, ligaments and bursae, which give stability to the joint on the one hand and make it mobile on the other. The injuries can occur in different parts of the shoulder.

The most common causes of overload of the shoulders are a technique hitting faulty, overtraining and under-training of the shoulder and trunk muscles. In addition, signs of wear, such as shoulder osteoarthritis, which are not caused by playing golf, can cause severe pain during and after the game.

Prolonged heating reduces risk

To avoid injury, you must to warm long enough before playing golf. “The exercises of stretching and mobilization not only promote blood circulation and activate muscles, but also improve performance, especially after a long day at work, “says Patzer. According to a study, more than ten minutes of warm-up reduces the risk of injury in more than 50% compared to a shorter preparation.You can include exercises in your routine to eliminate shoulder pain.

In addition, the risk of injury is reduced if you are generally fit and perform a training from endurance and Balance for the muscles of the trunk and back. “This prevents problems caused by muscle shortening, imbalances or deficits in strength and tension,” says the doctor. A clean and controlled stroke technique is also crucial. “In addition, you should always tailor your golf game to your individual state of health and fitness,” advises the expert. False ambition is misplaced here: “Anyone who already has shoulder discomfort should refrain from overdrawing, hitting off the tee only, avoiding long woods and turning to short irons more often.”

Look for the cause of the discomfort

If you suffer inconvenience recurring, you should also clarify the cause. “An introduction to a shoulder expert is advisable,” says Patzer. “Unfortunately, the misdiagnoses and consequently, unsuccessful treatments remain frequent. In my opinion, the key to successful treatment lies in correctly determining the cause and not in an injection or a pill. “

In general, most golf discomfort can be treated without the need for surgery. “The physiotherapy it is especially suitable for this, “advises the expert.” This involves re-stretching shortened muscles, functionally training neglected muscle groups, and restoring muscle balance. “Physiotherapy will help you find exercises to relax your shoulders.

However, if the damage caused by the overload of the shoulder is already advanced or important structures of the joint have been injured, those affected often cannot avoid the surgery. “These operations are carried out using minimally intensive arthroscopic techniques,” says Patzer. There are only small incisions and the surgeon uses a camera system to view the joint from within and operate with special instruments. This is why the procedure is also called the keyhole method.

after one shoulder operation, you must wait three to four months before playing again golf gradually. “Of course, this only applies if you have no pain and your movements are controlled and unrestricted, for example, when taking the first blow,” says the expert. The good news is that most patients find their way back to playing golf after shoulder surgery. And do not forget to play golf also has effects positive in the body. “A single golf swing works 130 muscles and the entire musculoskeletal system.”

Article originally published in GQ Alemania.

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Shoulder pain in golf: how to prevent it and what really helps

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