Anniversary of December 15 in Argentina and the world

National Trucker Day. The date originated because on December 15, 1967, the first Collective Bargaining Agreement was made that included the union that brought together the union’s drivers. In 1943, the truckers union was created. In 1955, it obtained its union status with the number 299. During the sixties, with the objective of improving working conditions, different unions throughout the country worked together with the idea of ​​forming a second-degree entity that would group the sector workers from all over Argentina. In this context, in 1965, the National Federation of Truckers and Automotive Freight Transport Workers was created. From then on, it was proposed to unify the working conditions of all Argentine workers in the union in a single Collective Agreement.

In AD 37 Neron was born. Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus was emperor of the Roman Empire from October 13, AD 54, until his death. His reign marked the end of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He acceded to the throne after the death of his uncle Claudio, who had previously adopted him and named him successor to the detriment of his own son, Británico. Nero’s reign is commonly associated with tyranny and extravagance. He is remembered for a series of systematic executions, including that of his own mother and British cousin, and above all for the widespread belief that while Rome burned he was composing with his lyre, as well as as a relentless persecutor of Christians. .

In 1832 Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born. He was a French civil engineer. He made a name for himself by designing several bridges for the French railway network, of which the Garabit Viaduct is especially notable. His current fame is due to his star project, the world-famous Eiffel Tower, built for the Universal Exposition in Paris in 1889. After his retirement from engineering, Eiffel devoted himself to research in meteorology and aerodynamics, making important contributions to both. fields. Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin contributed to the final design of the tower, plus several details by architect Stephen Sauvestre were added.

In 1907 Oscar Niemeyer was born. Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho, known as Oscar Niemeyer, was a Brazilian architect. A follower and great promoter of the ideas of Le Corbusier, he is considered one of the most influential figures in international modern architecture.

In 1915 the Güemes Gallery was inaugurated in Buenos Aires, a precursor building of the skyscrapers in that city. Also known as Pasaje Güemes, it is an art nouveau style building that has an interior pedestrian walkway that connects Florida and San Martín streets, 116 meters long, with commercial premises on two levels. It is located in the heart of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina and is the first building in that country built entirely in reinforced concrete and is also considered by many as its first skyscraper. It was inaugurated on December 15, 1915 and its name recalls General Martín Miguel de Güemes, hero of the Argentine War of Independence.

In 1961 Adolf Eichman was sentenced to death. He was a war criminal in the Nazi regime during World War II, one of the greatest organizers of the Holocaust and directly responsible for the final solution, mainly in Poland, and for the transportation of deportees to concentration camps. Eichmann used the name Ricardo Klement during his stay in Argentina, from July 15, 1950 to May 20, 1960, when he was kidnapped and transferred to Israel by the Mossad to be tried, being found guilty of war crimes. at a widely publicized trial in Jerusalem. He was executed by hanging. After Germany’s defeat in 1945, Eichmann was captured by American forces, but escaped from the detention camp, moving across the country to avoid his location. He hid in a small village in Lower Saxony where he lived until 1950, when he fled to Argentina under false identity. Israeli intelligence services confirmed his identity and location in 1960, and he was subsequently captured by a Mossad team and Shin Bet agents and brought to Israel for trial, charged with 15 criminal charges, including war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes against the Jewish population. He lived in the northern part of Greater Buenos Aires, in the districts of Vicente López and San Fernando. When the German company Mercedes Benz reopened in 1959, Eichmann became a plant manager. With the salary of a manager, he bought a house on Calle Garibaldi 14 (currently Garibaldi 6061), on the edge of the Bancalari neighborhood (San Fernando district), in the north of Greater Buenos Aires, where he was found by men of the Mossad. On May 20, 1960, the Israeli secret service removed Eichmann from Argentina, drugged, disguised as a mechanic and with a false passport, taking him to the city of Haifa, in Israel. Due to this kidnapping, the Argentine Foreign Ministry, during the government of Arturo Frondizi, denounced a serious violation of its sovereignty before the United Nations Security Council. Argentina received support from the international body, but Israel never intended to return the Nazi criminal, which led to a serious diplomatic incident. In Jerusalem, he was put on trial. Eichmann alleged in his defense that all his actions responded to the obedience due to his superiors and that they took advantage of this circumstance. The jury found him guilty of genocide. The sentence condemned him to die by hanging for crimes against humanity.

In 1966 Walter Elias Disney died. Better known as Walt Disney, he was an American businessman, animator, screenwriter, voice actor and film producer who was born on December 5, 1901. A pioneer of the American animation industry, it introduced novelties in the production of cartoons. As a film producer, Disney holds the record for the person with the most Oscars with 22 statuettes and 59 nominations. He was also awarded two special Golden Globes Awards and an Emmy Award, among many other accolades. Several of his films are included in the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress of the United States.

In 1974 Guillermo Vilas obtained his only Masters. Remember the portal of The graphic, when 40 years passed since the Argentine tennis player managed to obtain the Australian master’s degree: The 1974 season was the one of the great explosion of Vilas on the international circuit, where he won seven tournaments and was left with the Grand Prix, which was the list of players who added the most points in the year. On November 18 the ATP of Buenos Aires began (at that time called the Republic Championship), where Guillermo had enough to add three points to ensure leadership. And he achieved them by winning the first round of doubles together with Manuel Orantes over Roberto Carruthers and Oscar Escribano by 5-7, 6-1 and 6-2, since at that time the singles and doubles units were added for the aforementioned Grand Prix, which granted places for the end of the year Masters. On Sunday, November 24, Willy was crowned on the central court of Buenos Aires Lawn Tennis by beating his doubles partner 6-3, 0-6, 7-5 and 6-2 in the final, in which he was the second title in the competition of his country, which would win consecutively until 1977. Two days later, at 10.30, he took off for Australia with Belfonte, Manuel Orantes and his wife Virginia, according to the precise data recorded in the excellent work of Eduardo Puppo and Roberto Andersen History of tennis in Argentina. The other great protagonist of that season had been a generational tennis player from Vilas and one of his classic rivals: Jimmy Connors, who had won three of the four Grand Slams (Australia, Wimbledon and the United States Open). Unexpectedly, Jimbo dropped out of the Masters due to illness a few days before the start of the contest. The masters tournament was divided into two zones: the Blue Group made up of Bjorn Borg (Sweden), Onny Parun (New Zealand), John Newcombe (Australia) and Guillermo Vilas, while in the Red Group were Ilie Nastase (Romania), Raúl Ramírez (Mexico), Manuel Orantes (Spain) and Harold Solomon (United States). Vilas reached the decisive match, to dispute it with the great and talented Ilie Nastase, who had won the three previous editions of the contest. The first set was extremely even and in almost an hour of duration, he was on the Argentine’s side in a tie break 8-6. The second was even more favorable (6-2) by surprising the Romanian with a permanent attack game. Nastase managed to stay with the next two sets, both 6-3. In the final fifth set Vilas returned to the game at the beginning, with great concentration, excellent returns and precise attacks. Arrived at match point, where he got 40-15 on him drive of Nastase, whose return was wide on the parallel. He threw down his racket and made a big jump, passing over the net and hugging his opponent, who congratulated him. Then he received the cup, and raised it to the Argentine public that was in the stadium.

In 1982 Matías Delgado was born. He is a former Argentine footballer. He worked as a midfielder and his last team was Basel from the Swiss Super League, where he is considered an idol.

In 1983 the National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons was created. The National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons (CONADEP) was a commission created by the President of Argentina Raúl Alfonsín on December 15, 1983 with the objective of investigating human rights violations, particularly the disappearance of persons, that occurred during the period of State terrorism in Argentina in the 1970s and 1980s, carried out by the military dictatorship called the National Reorganization Process. The Commission received thousands of statements and testimonies, and verified the existence of hundreds of clandestine places of detention throughout the country. In 1984, it produced a final report known as Never Again, used as evidence in the Trial of the Military Juntas, in which several of the dictators who took power in 1976 were convicted. It was chaired by the writer Ernesto Sábato.

In 2012 Olga Zubarry died. Olga Zubiarriaín, better known as Olga Zubarry or La Vasca, was an Argentine film, theater and television actress with more than 80 appearances in films between 1943 and 1997.

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Anniversary of December 15 in Argentina and the world

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