Breakthrough in understanding cosmic forces that shape Earth’s heliosphere

Journal Reference: M. Opher, J. F. Drake, G. Zank, E. Powell, W. Shelley, M. Kornbleuth, V. Florinski, V. Izmodenov, J. Giacalone, S. Fuselier, K. Dialynas, A. Loeb, J. Richardson. A Turbulent Heliosheath Driven by the Rayleigh–Taylor Instability. The Astrophysical Journal, 2021; 922 (2): 181 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2d2e Astrophysicists believe the heliosphere protects the planets within our … Read more

How you speak up at work can affect whether you’re picked for a team

Journal Reference: Daniel W. Newton, Melissa Chamberlin, Cynthia K. Maupin, Jennifer D. Nahrgang, Dorothy R. Carter. Voice as a Signal of Human and Social Capital in Team Assembly Decisions. Journal of Management, 2021; 014920632110313 DOI: 10.1177/01492063211031303 “What we say within a group, the ideas we suggest and the way we support others, signals something about … Read more

Microbes trap massive amounts of carbon

Journal Reference: Katherine M. Fullerton, Matthew O. Schrenk, Mustafa Yücel, Elena Manini, Marco Basili, Timothy J. Rogers, Daniele Fattorini, Marta Di Carlo, Giuseppe d’Errico, Francesco Regoli, Mayuko Nakagawa, Costantino Vetriani, Francesco Smedile, Carlos Ramírez, Heather Miller, Shaunna M. Morrison, Joy Buongiorno, Gerdhard L. Jessen, Andrew D. Steen, María Martínez, J. Maarten de Moor, Peter H. … Read more

Gene therapy shown to offer long-term benefits for people with Haemophilia A

Journal Reference: K. John Pasi, Savita Rangarajan, Nina Mitchell, Will Lester, Emily Symington, Bella Madan, Michael Laffan, Chris B. Russell, Mingjin Li, Glenn F. Pierce, Wing Y. Wong. Multiyear Follow-up of AAV5-hFVIII-SQ Gene Therapy for Hemophilia A. New England Journal of Medicine, 2020; 382 (1): 29 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1908490 Clinical researchers led by Professor John Pasi … Read more

New study shows electric fields can improve the efficiency of wastewater purification

Journal Reference: Young-Chae Song, Jung-Hui Woo, Gyung-Geun Oh, Dong-Hoon Kim, Chae-Young Lee, Hyun-Woo Kim. External electric field promotes ammonia stripping from wastewater. Water Research, 2021; 203: 117518 DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2021.117518 Ammonia is one of many pollutants present in wastewater and can be toxic for marine and terrestrial life. Therefore, in a process called air stripping, it … Read more

‘Break a leg’ not so lucky when it leads to limb deformities

Journal Reference: Yu-Wen Su, Derick S.K. Wong, Jian Fan, Rosa Chung, Liping Wang, Yuhui Chen, Claire H. Xian, Lufeng Yao, Liang Wang, Bruce K. Foster, Jiake Xu, Cory J. Xian. Enhanced BMP signalling causes growth plate cartilage dysrepair in rats. Bone, 2021; 145: 115874 DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2021.115874 A new study led by the University of South … Read more

Host and resident bacteria join forces to control fungi in plant roots

Journal Reference: Katarzyna W. Wolinska, Nathan Vannier, Thorsten Thiergart, Brigitte Pickel, Sjoerd Gremmen, Anna Piasecka, Mariola Piślewska-Bednarek, Ryohei Thomas Nakano, Youssef Belkhadir, Paweł Bednarek, Stéphane Hacquard. Tryptophan metabolism and bacterial commensals prevent fungal dysbiosis in Arabidopsis roots. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021; 118 (49): e2111521118 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2111521118 To tackle this research question, … Read more

Faster path planning for rubble-roving robots

Journal Reference: Yu-Chi Lin, Dmitry Berenson. Long-horizon humanoid navigation planning using traversability estimates and previous experience. Autonomous Robots, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s10514-021-09996-3 The improved algorithm path planning algorithm found successful paths three times as often as standard algorithms, while needing much less processing time. A new algorithm speeds up path planning for robots that use arm-like … Read more

Unlocking the cause of UTI-induced delirium

Journal Reference: Mohammad Harun Rashid, Nicklaus A. Sparrow, Faizan Anwar, Gena Guidry, Ambart E. Covarrubias, Haoming Pang, Chandrakumar Bogguri, S. Ananth Karumanchi, Shouri Lahiri. Interleukin-6 mediates delirium-like phenotypes in a murine model of urinary tract infection. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 2021; 18 (1) DOI: 10.1186/s12974-021-02304-x Older women are among the most susceptible to developing UTIs, an … Read more

Artificial material protects light states on smallest length scales

Journal Reference: Jinlong Lu, Konstantin G. Wirth, Wenlong Gao, Andreas Heßler, Basudeb Sain, Thomas Taubner, Thomas Zentgraf. Observing 0D subwavelength-localized modes at ~100 THz protected by weak topology. Science Advances, 2021; 7 (49) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abl3903 Topological crystals function on the basis of specific structures, the properties of which remain largely unaffected by disturbances and deviations. … Read more

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